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  • Writer's pictureCrystal Semaganis

Origin of the Eastern Métis Grift (A Palmater Story)

Updated: May 21

440PM EASTERN May 20th, 2024 - The initial draft erroneously identified the wrong Frank Palmater. The Frank Palmater in the RCAP Consultation was Frank Palmater Junior, brother to Pam Palmater. My apologies, Crystal

Pam Palmater gave a presentation at the historic "Indigenous Identity Fraud Summit" held on May 14th and 15th, 2024 in Winnipeg, Manitoba - a collaboration between the Chiefs of Ontario and the Manitoba Métis Federation designed to criticique Bill C-53. I missed the first day's live feeds due to a power outage here in Temagami, but I did go back and watch it about four times to make sure I didn't miss anything.

Pam said a lot, but I am more concerned about what she did NOT say, and what words she DID choose to use.

She deliberately, and disingenuously, omitted a few key facts about her immediate family. She began her speech with a shout out to the "Fake Métis", but her BROTHER - Frank Palmater Junior, was head of the Fake Métis and laid out the framework for the modern so-called-eastern-metis grift.

Frank Palmater Junior was the President of NBAPC

NBAPC is the New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council, which began the rise of the fraudulent "eastern metis" we all know and wince at today. I kid you not. In the 1994 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples Métis Circle Special Consultation held in Ottawa on April 5th of that year, Frank Palmater Junior clearly identified as "Métis from the Maritimes" (page 41).

Ah, what a tangled web we weave.

Since 1972, the NBAPC sought to represent off-reserve "Aboriginal People" and we'll get to the word Aboriginal shortly. But I read that entire 263 pages of transcript from that consultation and made many essential connections about terminology, strategy, and the birth of the 'Eastern Métis' and how back room deals made back then resulted in the exploitation we see in the Nunatukavut and the Qalipu in 2024.

Scratch my back, I'll scratch yours - the old white men's club - the cronies club - we all have a name for underhanded agendas. I will explain this one to you.

Frank Palmater Junior was the Vice-President of CAP

CAP is the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples, the incubator for pretendian clubs. Headed by Jim Sinclair at the time of this RCAP Consultation, I arrived in Ottawa just four years earlier and back then it was known as the Native Council of Canada (the NCC) and I very much remember the politics of the day.


Around thirty people were present at this Métis Circle Special Consultation, I personally knew: Claude Aubin, George Erasmus, Rock Matte. Former AFN National Chief George Erasmus was the co-chair of the Royal Commission that was created in the aftermath of Oka and the chair was Québec Judge René Dussault. Frank Palmater Junior was present, representing New Brunswick Métis.

We MUST take note of who was also present:

Kirby Lethbridge, LABRADOR MÉTIS ASSOCIATION (pre-Nunatukavut)

Bernie Heard, LABRADOR MÉTIS ASSOCIATION (pre-Nunatukavut)

Claude Aubin, NATION MÉTISSE DU CANADA, QUEBEC (fraudulent eastern metis)

Bruno Meilleur, MÉTIS NATION QUEBEC (fraudulent eastern metis)

Michael McGuire, ONTARIO MÉTIS ABORIGINAL ASSOCIATION (fraudulent eastern metis)

Rock Matte, MALACITE NATION and then-student of Consitutional Law at University of Ottawa

Context of the 1990s is important. First, the Constitution is important because it defines aboriginal title, rights and recognition in Canadian Law aside from Treaties. An Accord is an Amendment to the Constitution, and the Meech Lake Accord was put forth in 1987 to give Quebec special recognition as a Distinct Society, and it was defeated by Manitoba NDP Elijah Harper in 1990. Elijah also opposed the Charlottetown Accord in 1992 . Why is this important? It's important because the Charlottetown Accord included the Métis Nation Accord, which died along with Charlottetown.

The Métis Nation Accord was commissioned by the Métis National Council (MNC) to recognize Métis Rights within the Canadian Constitution, and would open up a bilateral process for negotiations for Resources and Land between the Métis Nation and the Crown. There is a long standing agenda by Métis to be legally recognized for the purpose of Land Acquisition, but it did recognize and desire a tripartite negotiation process for cost-sharing of the Métis under Section 91(24). But, it was defeated.

The ideals outlined in the Métis Nation Accord are basically, the Métis saying they want land and resources (just like First Nations and Inuit have), and this sentiment is echoed in the RCAP Métis Circle Special Consultation. Now, along comes Frank Palmater Junior who was NOT a Status Indian at the time, he was representing the interests of non-status First Nations Descendants that he incorrectly identified as Métis.

"I am a Métis Micmac. I am not an Indian. I never was and never will be. My father is. My brother identifies as an Indian. I have nine sisters. Four identify as Indians. I do not. I am a Métis. " (p.42) quote from Frank Palmater Junior. He continues on to say "My own simple definition has nothing to do with the definition that has been applied to Métis all across this country. My own simple definition is: I am of Aboriginal ancesty and I am of European ancestry. That is what I consider to be a Métis. I don't fall within the meaning of the Indian Act to be an Indian or to be qualified as an Indian."

Read the transcript and you will find:

  • Frank Palmater Junior wanted enumeration of the Métis as "Aboriginal", which in his mind, would provide recognition of his assertions aside from the Indian Status denied to him at that time (p.60 - 64);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups recognized two things: they need money and land for growth;

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups did not care about the Western/ authentic definition of Métis and believe they had the right to call themselves whatever they liked (p.99, 100);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups believed they have Treaty Rights as Aboriginal People within the Constitution, which is why they fight for inclusion in Accords/ Constitutional amendments (p.78);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups wanted exclusion from regulations applied to all other Canadian citizens under Canadian law and wanted to be recognized as "Aboriginal" for the purpose of land use, hunting, fishing and harvesting outside of provincial and territorial mechanisms regulating such activities (p.100);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups wanted to establish themselves without a residency clause (p.105);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups, as individuals... 'tried on' several different collectives to achieve legitimacy as Aboriginal people, shifting between different fraudulent eastern metis orgs (p.106, 107);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups, as individuals... fought hard to self-identify to assert themselves regardless of whatever mechanisms were currently in place, historically, or otherwise - to define First Nations, Métis and Inuit (p.110);

  • these self-identified Métis interest groups wanted legitimacy within the context of "birth link" meaning if someone in their ancestry, however distant, was First Nations, Métis or Inuit - then that alone should allow them to claim Aboriginal rights and privileges regardless of any other mechanism within Canadian law (p.111, 112);

  • the direction was to instruct Elections Canada on self-identification - and enumeration would become the vehicle for the new self-identification of Métis (p.113);

  • these self-identified Métis wanted to use the "Aboriginal" rather than the word "Indian" or "Native" to include their interests and would be more favourable in setting up a Section 35 claim and presence, and would move away from the failures within Section 91(24) exclusion (p.121, 122, 160, 164, 174);

  • these self-identified Métis located in Labrador were bitter about exlusion from the LIA (Labrador Inuit Association) and thus incorrectly deemed themselves Métis of Labrador for the purpose of FNMI resource acquisition, and rejected the notion of Inuit blood (p.139-145);

What is apparent in 1994, and here is the nutshell version of what they said:

  • we need money

  • section 91(24) is screwing us out of benefits and resources

  • if we self-identify as metis, that would help us achieve our agenda

  • we need to call ourselves metis NOW and assert that notion, regardless of truth, accuracy or opposition

  • maybe section 35 is more beneficial to us

  • fuck the residency clauses! let's just go be US anyway

  • let's take the personal issue of self-identity and MAKE it a legal issue (p.164, 174)

The transcript goes on like this, they are strategizing on how to steamroll their agenda regardless of limitations in law, society, and other authentic First Nations, Métis and Inuit frameworks already in place.

Along comes Frank Palmater Junior who declares "We just went through a very extensive and very expensive court challenge in the province of New Brunswick and won big time... the court challenge was on the right to hunt." (p.193, 194) and he goes on to outline R. v. Joseph FOWLER, New Brunswick Provincial Court, February 19th, 1993. It took a bit of digging but I found it and wondered, why is this so important to Frank Palmater Junior? It's only five pages long and why was it so expensive and important? hmmmm

I'll sum it up for ya. Joseph Fowler was NOT a Status Indian. He deliberately broke laws and violated the Fish and Wildlife Act of New Brunswick, and Joseph's defense was that he had rights as an Aboriginal person under the Constitution Act, 1982. He basically said, being unregistered doesn't mean he wasn't Aboriginal with rights if he could provide a birth link to the Maliseet nation through maternal lines. Blah Blah Blah Constitution Blab Blah Blah and he was found NOT GUILTY.

From this meeting, the self-identified Métis interest groups AKA fraudulent so-called-eastern-metis... did INDEED get monies from the government. They did INDEED get lands, resources, and grew and grew, based on the strategies outlined above. Nunatukavut gets millions of dollars annually to operate, as does Qalipu (but seeing as they never were scooped or never went to Indian Residential School then I am unsure from "which" colonial traumas they need support for).

Labrador Métis Association became Nunatukavut, Newfoundland Metis became Qalipu. The Palmater family went on to acquire Indian Status in later years for whatever reason. Qalipu were exempt from second generation cut-off like every other Status Indian in this country, and it seems there were a ton of exemptions from Indian Status rules goin on out East... a LOT of exemptions. Why?

Suddenly Frank Palmater Junior, self-identified "Metis Micmac" is a Status Indian. The strategies birthed in the 1990s for the Eastern Metis Grift are here today, on our doorstep, all planned exploitations from 1994 are now successful after three decades. This very deliberate strategizing of the so-called-eastern-metis grift and the legal case tied to it, and why they used the word ABORIGINAL and why Pam didn't mention what her immediate family (brother) stood for and represented, are all new revelations which now brings me to... what is the million dollar question from all this?

What are the underlying interests of Pam Palmater in all this?

Here be my personal opinion to answer that question. This is NOT about genealogy, either.

I believe that Pam Palmater has been disingenuous about her underlying familial interests in the rise of the fraudulent so-called-eastern-metis. I believe that her stance on opposing Blood Quantum arises from a historical family interest that was previously denied Indian Status, so that's a personal interest - and not a collective one. I don't believe she is the best person to represent or speak on First Nations, Métis or Inuit collective interests.

That's my opinion. I think it was cringey to see the Sister of the Eastern Métis Grift as the Keynote on "Indigenous Identity Fraud Summit.". Pam herself said: "You always have to look for, in who's interest it is..." (2:52:29 )

From now on, I'll be considering all her opinions through the lens of Frank Palmater Junior, Founder of the Eastern Metis Grift and that proximity is too close to ignore.

But, that's just me.

Crystal Semaganis

Leader of the Ghost Warrior Society Against First Nations, Métis and Inuit Identity Fraud

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Jul 02

Glad someone checked into her. She was tight with a whole bunch of “frontlines” ppl with claims to “Indigenous backgrounds”… yet no communities claiming their asses. When I spoke with her, she also had zero sense of humour - always a red flag.

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